As threats from Germany and a European war became increasingly evident, opinions changed. Chamberlain was rewarded for his role as one of the “Men of Munich” in books like the Guilty Men of 1940. A rare defense of the agreement during the war came in 1944 from Viscount Maugham, who had been Chancellor of the Lord. Maugham considered the decision to create a Czechoslovak state with significant German and Hungarian minorities to be a “dangerous experiment” in light of previous disputes and attributed the agreement to the need for France to free itself from its contractual obligations in the face of its lack of preparation for war.  After the war, Churchill`s memoirs of that time, The Gathering Storm (1948), claimed that Chamberlain`s appeasement had been false in Munich, and they recorded Churchill`s pre-war warnings of Hitler`s plan of attack and the madness that Britain insisted on disarmament after Germany had achieved air parity with Britain. While acknowledging that Chamberlain was acting for noble motives, Churchill argued that Hitler should have resisted in Czechoslovakia and that efforts should have been made to involve the Soviet Union. In the spring of 1938, Hitler began to openly support the demands of German-speakers living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “greater Germany.” The Czechoslovak government hoped that Britain and France would come to its rescue in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain strove to avoid a war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered Hitler favorable deals, but the Führer kept raising his demands. Czechoslovakia was informed by Britain and France that it could either resist Nazi Germany alone or submit to the prescribed annexations.
The Czechoslovak government, which recognized the desperation of fighting alone against the Nazis, reluctantly capitulated (30 September) and agreed to abide by the agreement. The colony gave Germany, from October 10, the territory of the Sudetenland and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia, as long as Hitler promised not to go any further. On the 30th After a certain pause, Chamberlain went to Hitler`s house and asked him to sign a peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany. After Hitler`s interpreter translated it for him, he happily agreed. .